ABOUT MANITOBA'S PORK INDUSTRY
Quality Breeding Stock
Top quality, healthy breeding stock are the cornerstone of the Manitoba pork
industry. The achievement of Manitoba's breeding stock excellence is the crucial first
step in the entire production cycle. One reason for the high quality is the large size of
the average Manitoba sow herd in comparison to other Canadian provinces.
These larger herds allow Manitoba producers to readily employ advanced
management practices. As well, pork processors have an easier time sourcing
hogs with uniform genetics, which results in consistent carcass size and
Manitoba's specially selected genotypes excel in growth and efficiency
characteristics. Many of Manitoba's herds have a worldwide reputation for quality, which is
based on years of repeat sales to international customers.
The most common breeds found in Manitoba are Yorkshire or Large White,
Landrace, Duroc and Hampshire. Manitoba is home to one of Canada's largest
purebred Duroc herds, as well as several seed stock herds with Yorkshire and
The most common commercial breeding programs in Manitoba includes
Yorkshire/Landrace crossbred sows crossed with a terminal sire such as
Duroc, Hampshire or a meat-type hybrid.
Manitoba's cold winters, relatively low hog concentration and advanced
management practices are reasons for its low disease status and access to
many foreign markets.
Manitoba shares Canada's recognized reputation for the elite health status
of its livestock. The hog population is free from hog cholera, and all major
diseases including African swine fever, foot and mouth, swine brucellosis and